Sec. 20-1-2. Definitions.

For purposes of this chapter, certain words and phrases shall be defined as follows:
Alley means a public thoroughfare less than thirty feet in width, which affords only a secondary means of access to abutting property.
Curb means the portion of the roadway primarily constructed for the use containing, controlling and directing surface runoff water to inlets, catch basins, outlet ditches and other drainage control features, and for defining the limits of the roadway to confine vehicular traffic to the travelled way.
Curb return means the point at which the curb along a certain radius meets the curb tangent to that radius.
Director of public works means the city engineer or his or her designee.
Driveway is a means of vehicular access from private property to a roadway which traverses public right-of-way, more specifically defined as follows:
(1) Commercial driveway: A driveway used primarily by commercial vehicles, or for commercial purposes, serving a business establishment; all driveways other than residential driveways.
(2) Residential driveway: A driveway used primarily by private passenger vehicles serving residential properties.
Driveway warp means the sloping area of sidewalk and/or curb which transitions from the roadway to the full height curb.
Encroach or encroachments means going over, upon or under, or using a right-of-way or watercourse in such a manner as to prevent, obstruct, or interfere with its normal use, including, but not limited to, the performance thereon of any of the following acts:
(1) Excavating, filling or disturbing the right-of-way or watercourse;
(2) Erecting or maintaining any flag, banner, post, sign pole, fence, guardrail, loading platform, pipe, conduit, wire or other structure on, over or under a right-of-way or watercourse;
(3) Constructing, placing, or maintaining on, over under or within a right-of-way any pathway, sidewalk, driveway, curb, gutter, paving, or other surface or subsurface drainage structure or facility;
(4) Travel on a right-of-way by any vehicle or combination of vehicles or object of dimension, weight or other characteristic prohibited by law without a permit;
(5) Lighting or building a fire within a right-of-way or watercourse;
(6) Placing or leaving on a right-of-way or watercourse any materials including but not limited to rubbish, construction spoil, earth, metal objects, concrete or sod;
(7) Planting any tree, shrub, grass, or other living thing (except for weeds) within a right-of-way or watercourse;
(8) Constructing, placing, planting or maintaining any structure, embankment, excavation, tree or other object adjacent to, over or under a right-of-way or watercourse which causes or will cause an encroachment.
Low-profile curb means a curb which has a nonvertical face, usually angled, to allow vehicles to go over the curb easily.
Modular newsrack means a newsrack containing two or more publications within a single unit.
Newsrack means any self-service or coin-operated box, container, storage unit, fixture or other dispenser installed, used or maintained for the display and sale or other distribution of one or more newspapers, periodicals or other publications.
Permittee means any person, firm or corporation that proposes to do work, or encroach upon a right-of-way or watercourse or to drill and maintain a groundwater monitoring bill and has been issued a permit for such encroachment by the director of public works.
Private contract means a contract between two or more parties for the installation, construction, revision, operation or creation of an encroachment, to which contract the city is not a party.
Right-of-way means land which by deed, conveyance, agreement, easement, dedication, usage or process of law is reserved for and dedicated to the general public for street, highway, alley, public utility, storm drainage, water, sanitary sewer, sidewalk, bikeway or pedestrian walkway purposes.
Roadway means that portion of the right-of-way improved, designed and ordinarily used for vehicular traffic.
Sidewalk means any area provided for the exclusive use of pedestrians, including planting areas or parking strips, between the public roadway and adjacent property line.
State or federal route means a roadway which is under the jurisdiction of the state of California or the United States.
Street means a public thoroughfare thirty feet or more in width, other than an alley, which affords the principal means of access to abutting property.
Watercourse means a channel having bed and banks for the carrying of water, including both natural and artificial water courses. (Ord. No. 1201, § 2 (part).)